Blood pressure is defined as the force exerted by blood against the walls of the arteries. The aging process brings structural changes in the arterial wall that result in a reduced circumference of blood vessels. When other factors that affect blood pressure are present, blood pressure is increased to dangerously high levels, known as hypertension. Currently, almost 50% of older adults suffer from hypertension. Risk factors for hypertension include:
Poor diet including excessive salt or alcohol consumption
Family history of hypertension
Hypertension is a strong predictor of Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke.
⦁More than 30% of American adults have hypertension.
⦁Hypertension is known as a “silent disease” due to a lack of obvious symptoms. More than 25% of people with hypertension do not know it.
⦁More than 60% of people with hypertension do not have it sufficiently under control even with medication and other treatments.
⦁More than 40% of African Americans have hypertension.
Credit: NASM SENIOR FITNESS SPECIALIST
©2014 NASM National Academy of Sports Medicine